Time is an eternally important concept to human beings for one, important reason – we die. Mortality means that we have a beginning, and an end. This also means that there is no “reset” or do-over button that can allow us to undo our mistakes of the past. It also means that we only have a finite amount of time to achieve our goals, and as the nature of existence is toward destruction lest we expend all of our energy overcoming this each and every minute of every day (the need to eat, the need to overcome temptation, love vs. hate, etc.), it’s no wonder that time travel is such an addicting temptation to expend our energy on.
In particle accelerators, when atoms crash, the release of energy is so great that scientists believe that – even if they were to create a few, microscopic black holes, they would quickly vanish. Take this theory and ramp it up to, say – the big bang. Imagine in the beginning of the universe and the potential that the big bang is real. All at once, a mass explosion of energy bursts forth, simultaneously releasing about a million black holes (with everything else), each one equal in size and immensity. The purpose for the burst in energy was to get these black holes as far apart as possible in as short a period of time as possible. But, it wasn’t random.
For a moment, I want you to consider the 3-dimensions of the universe as one gigantic machine where each of the black holes works as a gear:
Each of the black holes serves a very important function: They are the gears that started the force of time.
Now let’s also reset your perspective on wormholes … not as tunnels through space, but the very shape of time itself.
So, in the very beginning, there is an explosion. The amount of energy begins moving the universal gears of the universal time clock into position. The speed and force of time is initially slow because the gears are so close to one another and the force needed to move the hands of time is at its greatest. As time marches forward, it stretches out, thinning as it reaches the center. This center point represents the apex at which all of the black hole “gears” will reach their maximum position. As the wormhole of time (the time stream), thins out, time would essentially be speeding up. This is the outward expansion of the universe that science believes is now happening.
Once having reached their final position, the gears essentially “lock” into place. This apex moment in time is the specific instance when the black holes beginning pulling in on one another. This is the fluctuating state of universal body movement that scientists believe. As the gears pull toward one another, the amount of mass being moved starts to slow down the black holes, increasing the energy requirement on them. As everything closes in on itself, there is a massive collision and, as per our wormhole picture, the resultant explosion is another big-bang. Its massive expanse of energy slows down time to the point of a complete standstill, and the process is repeated over again.
Science has a terrible habit of looking at nature as an inanimate machine. This mistake has detracted from the reality that – time is not a machine, it is a living, breathing energy. While the wormhole represents how we look at the characteristics of time – time itself is much different.
Einstein thought of time as a 4th dimensional object – and in some ways, he was correct. When we consider the universal, black hole gears that operate the rotation of the universe turn, they do so within a confined space (figure 5). But what’s also pictured in figure 5 is another very important aspect of time as a living being – the brain.
The brain is made up of billions of volatile, neural connections that can change position – and so can time. In the different theories about time travel, some really fun ones have been proposed, some that are reasonable – and some that aren’t. For example, look at figure 6:
In this illustration, the idea of a branching time-stream (as made extremely popular in the Back to the Future movies, Star Trek the Next Generation series, and other shows), relies on time being a constant that cannot be changed. Going back in time and attempting to alter it, rather than creating a paradox, would cause a branch in the time stream into an “alternate” timeline (also supporting the theories of alternate dimensions). However, I would argue that this is entirely not possible. The reason is this: life requires energy. From the supposed “Big Bang” to every day birth, the amount of energy required to create life at any given point in time is tremendous. An alternate time stream, created in less than a pico-second (caused by an act that altered time- point A in figure 1), in which the individual who altered time would find themselves, would have required the cumulative energy since the beginning of creation to suddenly appear.
That would be a LOT of energy – so much so – that it would be … well, let’s say, too much. In fact, I would argue that the energy consumed in keeping the universe moving forward, if visualized in a contained space (the blue rectangle on the left), is extremely volatile. While it may be true that two, separate time streams could exist either side by side, or perhaps in a multi-verse, near each other as part of a separate universe, the massive expending of energy that would create the alternate time stream would make physical contact with the other and the resultant explosion would eradicate all time itself. In fact – the amount of energy required to “jump” time streams is also too great to overcome.
So does time exist all at once, or are we creating time? Does time create us? Are we always existing and just contained within time? The question to consider is this: the transporter theory from Star Trek. If our molecules were to be disassembled at one point in space and then reassembled in another – would it still be us? Would our soul stay with those molecules, or would the being that comes out on the other end be the culmination of the energy in our brains and the being who comes out be acting based on those memories and experiences, but not be us? If at this moment in time, you exist, but in the next moment of time, you are “created” – is the creation still you? Do your molecules get reassembled with each new moment in time? It seems that for this argument, occam’s razor (which I’m typically not a fan of), wins. The simplest argument is that we exist at all times – and thus, the universe, and time, always exists (in one form or another). This provides substantial support for time being a living entity of sorts – just as our bodies are born all at once (vs. in parts) – so is time.
This is important for another reason – if time exists all at once – so does every decision within it. The idea that every decision has been made in the universe already really takes away from a lot of peoples’ perceptions of hope and changing their destiny – but that is entirely untrue. Take a look at figure 7:
While the figure 5 represents a “living” time existing in a spatial dimension, figure 7 takes us back to the time stream as a wormhole. For a being existing outside of the timeline, their perspective (point A) would be to see all of time at once. It may very well be that time is too small for them to see and would require a lot of energy to zoom in on it. But, from the reverse (ie. The perspective of a mortal within the time stream), the whole of time is too big to actually see and consider. Now, let’s exam the reality behind, “the fabric of time.” Imagine that each and every sub-atomic particle has its own strand of time, stretching from the beginning to the end (matter never created nor destroyed). Each strand of energy it intertwined with the next, although at times, they can cross over and join. In figure 7, a Singular Event Cascading Effect, represented by the fraying strands of a rope demonstrates what happens when a single, electromagnetic strand of energy is cut. That strand of energy whips apart, crashing into other energy strands and suddenly, those fabrics come unwound. And, like it is on a rope, the unwinding effect would continue both directions eventually eradicating all of time (after all, the black hole gears of time control the energy and movement of all things in the universe).
That is why there cannot be a paradox – time is too volatile and too fragile. This is why it is so important for time to exist all at once – with every decision and outcome having been determined all at once, the chances for a paradox are reduced to – well – zero. But, I would be remiss in my duties as a theorist of time to say that everything is so perfectly and easily maintained. The math is too long and the concept too insane to get into here, suffice it to say – the future is volatile. The decisions we make today affect the outcomes of tomorrow. But – what is the future?
The future is any given point in time that follows a preceding point in time. Remember that small window of time in the beginning in which all of these decisions were made? The universe has to accommodate for a very large number of variations. Furthermore, should time travel become a reality, the universe would have to account for that, too. This brings us back around to the spatial model of time. Imagine that there are keypoints in time – a lot of them. Each of these points represents a moment in time that will not change. Stretching out from these are the neural connections made up of (for argument’s sake, we’ll use terminology from the human psyche): synapses and receptors. In reference to time, these neural connections are the electromagnetic pathways of energy that each particle in the universe follows.
While there are a LOT of connections … a LOT … these connections can be changed. Rather than attempt to alter a connection all the way back to the beginning of time, key points offer a simpler solution of solving the problem more rapidly. And, although, when strands come apart, they can still damage the surrounding strands. However – a paradox on the small level of human, every-day existence, would not be large enough to generate enough energy to break the strands of time. Even if there was a ripple in time – the spatial representation of time and black hole gears crossing the hole of the universe, the Earth and its inhabitants would be too small to even feel it.
In order to handle the mere potential of a paradox, the universe is flexible. Of course, we live within a confined realm of possibilities that limits our decisions and thus, limits the possibilities of the future. So, while future events (which is any point in the time stream and our perspective of the future and past is limited to only where we are at in that time stream), are volatile (thus justifying my previous argument that time itself is volatile), the amount of volatility is contained.
Consider a movie like the 13th floor – where our actions and behaviors are limited within a realm of perceived reality. For example – you may be one of the masses like myself who work every day just to survive and the idea that you would ever travel to the far corners of the Earth is not a part of your reality. Therefore, we blindly accept what we see and are told about the far corners of the Earth, unable to ever verify its existence for ourselves. If we broke our routine (and violated our fears and sense of security), and traveled to one of those far corners – what would we find? Would it really be there, or would we find ourselves in … nothingness? It’s not a crazy idea to think that much of what we’re told has been fabricated by others … but it is overwhelming to think about our reality as not being, well – real!
So, we continue about our daily lives, contained within our shell of reality and existence and keep our thoughts concentrated within the realm of possibilities in which we now exist. So – what we do with our future – is limited. For “science fiction’s sake,” let’s say that I was connected to a virtual reality machine and a computer were processing the data around me – if I were to do something contradictory to the limitations of my reality, it would require that computer to start generating more and more of the world, overloading its processors. Think of the time stream in the same way. Our actions are limited to keep the realm of what happens in the universe contained. Even more to the point, galaxies are separated by countless light years, solar systems in the same way, and even the big bang at one of the universe to the next. This is the very reason for mortality. In order to keep the future contained – we must die. The amount of change that could be caused by an eternal being would have a huge effect stretching throughout time. Everything dies – because it has to in order to prevent the eradication of time (and existence) by the unraveling strands of rope. Thus, all things end, and begin again – life, cycles of life on our own planet, the creation and destruction of heavenly bodies, the universe – and even time itself (as in figure 7, the repeat of the big bang from the end of one time stream leading into the beginning of another).
The design of the universe to protect itself from eradication is so well designed, in fact, that the ability for any species to close in on and disrupt a black hole or even travel through time and disrupt the big bang is restricted because of the overwhelming forces that would have to be overcome to accomplish this feat.
So – can we go back in time and kill our own grandfather? Oddly – the answer is, yes.
I call this flexible nature of the universe, Flexible Path Divergence (FPD). Figure 8 is a minimalistic representation of FPD. In our lifetime, there will only be a limited number of choices. Some of these choices end up in terminal, end of life (EOL) points, and we die. Other choices cross over with decisions that would have been made previously and the outcomes are essentially the same. And, at the end of the path, and all decisions – is the end of our mortal existence. Is it rebooted again? Maybe – but that’s outside the discussion of this paper.
Let’s see how the FPD design works with a time traveler who alters time:
If time exists all at once, any action done at any one point in time will alter the events of future outcomes. So, if I go back in time and kill my grandfather, I no longer exist. Now – the conundrum, “who went back in time to kill my grandfather if I never existed?” The mistake being made in this conclusion is that it relies on the premise that time (and existence) is being generated as we move forward, rather than existing all at once. Figure 9 shows how alterations to history are possible. The top box shows the time line as we know it now. Each color represents the lifespan of individual people from beginning (left), to end (right). As those lives become intertwined with one another, new lives are created. The circles represent the end of life. At the far left of the box are two people, the time traveler’s grandmother (light blue), and the time traveler’s grandfather (purple). Their lives move toward one another over an 8 year period to the point in time when they finally come together. Branching out of the grandparent’s timeline is a light green line (mother), and an orange line (father). The time traveler himself isn’t born until about 23 years after his grandparents met.
Once the time traveler loops back in time to the day that his grandparents were about to meet and ends his grandfather’s life – there is an alteration in the time stream (the bottom box). Think back to the brain model proposed earlier where all events are connected like the neural connections of the mind. The time stream has a certain amount of free space (in a 3-dimensional plane), in which to shift certain timelines. For example, the grandfather’s death means that the grandmother and he will never meet and her life takes a different direction. However, notice that as her timeline moves in an alternate direction it interrupts the meeting of the other couple (green and purple), and green now marries yellow. In the upper box (the original timeline), green was going to marry purple, and their child, red, would be born around 11 years later. In the new timeline though, green and yellow have an aquamarine child only five years after their meeting and she goes on to live for many years.
The point is that any alteration to the timeline creates a “rippling” effect – the broken energy from one timeline hits another and then another. Rather than snapping those timelines, the time stream adjusts and creates new connections. Rather than changing events all the way throughout all of time and requiring a tremendous amount of energy to adjust, the effects occur within a small space. Consider the crossover events in figure 8: eventually those newly created timelines will cross with others and no more energy will be required to shift the timelines. Additionally, the changes occur over a very long period of time. For instance, our time traveler is no longer in the future his disappearance will not be noticed; nor does he instantly vanish in the past. Instead, the energy that was being utilized for his life is now rapidly dwindling and he is being phased out of existence. The universe has 23 years to shift various branches within the timeline. This serves several purposes: 1) it’s a good deterrent to altering the past, 2) that energy is redirected into the other, new lives that are created (as shown in the breakdown of energy), and 3) time will have been fully adjusted before the time of the time traveler’s birth and therefore, there would be fewer and fewer affected timelines, reducing the amount of alterations.
Now we have to go all the way back to figure 7. The keypoints in this illustration represent set points in time. Even if time were to come unraveled due to some catastrophic event, like a rock climber who sets carabineers at set intervals to keep from falling too far, the keypoints in the universe that keep the fabric of time contained within a finite space are dense energy rings that are representative of the wavelengths of time energy. In a 3-dimensional, spatial relationship, these would most likely represent the black hole gears of the universe. It may very well be that the rings represent points of destruction that eradicate the possibility of cross-contamination across those rings. For instance, in figure 7, the totality of the Earth’s lifespan is shown in a single pixel. It is widely believed that there have been 5, major catastrophic effects that have wiped out almost the entirety of humanity. Therefore, it doesn’t matter how far back in time you go to alter events, 1 of 2 things will happen: 1) very little change will be noticed as the time stream realigns its electromagnetic pathways; or 2) the changes that occur will be stable and occur within only a small percentage of possible variations, minimizing the impact of altering time (the Sound of Thunder Effect).
We can illustrate the elastic nature of the universe by listening to the stories of people who have overwhelming feelings for people they’ve just met. The alteration of the timeline, when a life is moving toward joining with another, would definitely leave a hole. However, what wouldn’t be felt would be the ripple effect. As the time stream is so immense (spanning the whole of the universe), human beings are too small to feel the ripple.
Let’s now take a look at another aspect of time – the “speed” of time. Einstein’s theory of relativity essentially seems to set the standard base for the speed of time as the speed of light. However, time, and its effects on the universe, is more a function of a vacuum. First, consider that every frequency of every molecule is set. However, as we alter the frequency of that molecule, increasing its motion, it would be moving closer, or farther away from, the actual speed of time. Instead of “folding” space to travel across the universe instantly – perhaps it would be more reasonable that altering the frequencies of molecules to travel at much higher velocities, just enough to go backward in time. As the molecules move forward through space, they are still only moving at the maximum velocity possible, but the halting of time (or traveling backward through time at the same rate as the forward propulsion through space), would allow a traveler to arrive at an extremely distant point in space only “moments” after they left! Of course, this comes back to the theory of relativity and the massive amount of energy needed to energize heavy particles to move at FTL speeds. But, if an electromagnetic field of energy were to be charged to FTL speeds, the ship that hovered in the center (generating the field of energy from the safety of the eye of the storm), then the field could slipstream through time and arrive 1000 light years away, in a matter of moments.
This gives us a method for beginning to understand the actual speed of time. If each keypoint functions like a vacuum, then the energy of time functions like water in a pressurized pipe. The simplest equation to work out is the conversion of:
V = Sqrt(2gh)
V = Velocity,
g = Gravity,
h = height of drop of head of water
For time, we’ll adjust the model slightly:
V = Sqrt(2cLk)
c = Speed of Light
Lk = the Length of Distance between two, key points in time.
The argument could be made that time is too much of a constant and if there are smaller and smaller keypoints at different points in the timeline and at different scales, that it’s not possible to take a dynamic measurement in between any two as time would seemingly move at a different pace. But – it does.
As we approach gravity, what we consider to be time and the half-life of particles that break down over time, time slows down. Ever have a weekend go by and know that it was too short? I’m not talking about “perception” – I’m talking about “knowing” that it was too short. It is very possible, that in fluctuating pockets of gravity, electromagnetic fields around ourselves changing their density, and other similar situations – that time does not move so linearly. This is because time – by its form and being – defines what it is and how it is measure:
Time is destruction.
Therefore, if each of us can experience a different moment in the same spans of time – the breakdown of our particles occurring at different speeds – then time is not so consistent. Since we measure time by the birth of one body to its death (Earthly and Heavenly bodies), not only are our perceptions constantly altered by time’s passage, but we can suffer the effects of small, minor changes in time and barely notice. After all – if time were to stop entirely and then stop again – would we even notice it all?
“Don’t Cross the Streams!!!” – Would it be possible to visit or cross paths with yourself?
One of the complex possibilities is no based on the Singularity Effect. Remember that time exists all at once? Therefore, you would never cross over yourself, and here’s why:
First: I go back in time exactly 5 years, arriving at 10:30 am and remain at that one point until 11:30 am, and then return back to my original time.
Second: I go back in time again exactly 4 years and 58 minutes. It should show 10:32 am on the clock, but I will be nowhere to be found.
The reason I’m not there is because I’ve already gone back in time and I’ve already left. I am a single person – there are not duplicates of me. The universe has already reset the em pathways and the changes I affected the first time are in place. Any additional actions I take will have a whole new set of changes.
One of the other possibilities is the infinite mirror. I can go back in time and see my past self, then go forward in time, and then go back in time again to see myself seeing myself. This infinite number of “me” seems incredibly impossible as there’s only one energy that is me. On the other hand, if I am making loops in time, when I try to go forward, that loop could knot – and suddenly, the energy that is me will pull too tight to move and … poof … gone!
And – there you have it – time in a bottle! And, if you’ve spent all the time it takes reading this, you’ve learned the most important lesson there is to learn about time:
Time is valuable! Use it wisely! Now … go out and do something fun!!!